Rome is the heart of the ancient Roman history and that of the Christian religion. The numerous monuments of Rome are valuable witnesses of the past, having survived through the ages.
Catacombs of Rome
The catacombs of Rome were used at the beginning of Christianity in the first centuries AD. The word used today in a general sense is there since the original tomb of St. Sebastian was installed in an old quarry. However, the catacombs of Rome were also used by Jews and Gentiles.
The first few were dug out of the city, because Roman law forbade burial dess dead between the walls of the city. They were therefore located along the Roman roads. The San Sebastian in particular was about the Via Appia.
The sistin chapel
The Sistine Chapel is part of a residence of the Pope. The Cardinals will meet in conclave to elect the new pontiff. But it is also famous for its large frescoes by the painter Michelangelo and represent biblical scenes.
The Roman Forum is a site formerly occupied by many Roman buildings, which filled political or religious office space. At the time of the empire, it was the center of the city life. Today, there are still some remains, which can be visited with an entrance fee.
The Trevi Fountain
The Trevi Fountain is a huge work, backed by a baroque palace. In the Great Basin, many statues represent an allegory of the sea inspired by Roman mythology.
Neptune, god of the ocean and sea, dominates the center. It is perched on a chariot pulled by two sea horses. One is the violent water, the other wild water. It is surrounded by many other deities, such as the gods of wealth, safety …
Tourists have the habit of throwing coins into the fountain. Tradition has it that one makes a wish by throwing in a first. In launch a second right arm with his back to the monument ensure you can return to Rome one day …
The Colosseum of Rome
This is an elliptical amphitheater in the city center of Rome. This building, one of the largest in Roman times, is a symbol of expertise in engineering.
We used to come to attend gladiator fights, wild animal hunts or dramas depicting dramatic episodes from mythology. In the Middle Ages, it was in turn used to install housing, a fortress, or … a Christian shrine.
The Pantheon is an ancient Roman temple remained intact. From the outside, it shows only rectangular structure, with a portico with many columns. The rest of the building forms an ellipse, surmounted by a dome 43 meters in diameter. At its peak, a hole is daylight, for use as a sundial.
This colossal building dates from the nineteenth century. Its construction was decided by the Italian government, eager to build a monument celebrating the very recent unification of Italy (1861) by paying tribute to King Victor Emmanuel II. He had indeed played a major role in the reunification.
Piazza Venezia is located in the center of Rome. It was named after Cardinal Venezia who built his palace near the palace. The building became the seat of the Republic of Venice. There are several ancient buildings near the square, the Vittoriano, built in honor of King Victor Emmanuel II.